1. Identify two sources of information which historians use to write the History of Africa (2 mks)
2. List two economic activities of early man during the stone Age period (2 mks)
3. Give two factors which led to the early urbanization in Africa (2 mks)
4. Identify one use of bronze in Ancient Benin. (1 mks)
5. List two forms of communication used to send messages to distant places in the shortest possible time. (2 mks)
6. Name two main cash crops that were grown in North America during the Agrarian Revolution. (2 mks)
7. (a) What is barter trade? (1mk)
Barter trade is the exchange of goods for other goods/trade in kind.
(b) Identify one limitation of using barter as a method of trade. (1mk)
8. Give two functions of the Buganda traditional parliament (2 mks)
9. Name the Empire that was rule by Samori Toure during the European invasion of Africa
The Mandinka Empire
10. Give two ways through which Islam had spread in Africa by the nineteenth century
11. Name two systems of colonial administration which were used by the British to administer their colonies In Africa.
12. What is constitution?
13. In which two ways did the organization of Africa Unity (OAU) contribute to the liberation of the southern African countries?
14. Name two agencies of the United Nations Organization (UNO) which deal with the problem of health.
1a. In what ways did the development of the steam engine contribute to the growth of industries in Europe during the nineteenth century?
1b. Explain six factors which led to the emergence of Japan as an industrial power after the second world war.
2a. What factors led to the development of trade between North Africa and West Africa during the pre-colonial period?
2b. Describe the effects of the Trans – Saharan trade of West African societies?
3a. Explain three ways in which Macadamized roads are an improvement to road transport.
3b. What were the results of the development of railway transport in Europe up the end of the Nineteenth century?
4a. Why were African independent churches established?
4b. Explain six factors which promoted Christian missionary activities in Africa during the nineteenth century.
5a. What methods did the European powers use to acquire colonies in Africa? (3mks)
5b. Explain six factors which influenced Lewanika of the Balozi to collaborate with the British.
6a. Describe the factors which facilitated the application of the French policy of assimilation in the four communes in Senegal.
6b. Discuss the effects of the French policy of assimilation in Senegal.
7a. What is the role of the prime minister in Britain?
7b. Explain six functions of the Federal Government of the United States of America. (USA).
1. Give two functions of the council of elders among the Akamba during the pre-colonial period.
2. State two factors which made it possible for the Arab traders to come to Kenyan Coast before 1500.
3. Give one contribution of John Krapf to the spread of Christianity in Kenya during the nineteenth century.
4. Name the company which administered Kenya on behalf of the British government up to 1895
The imperial British East Africa Company/ IBA Co
5. Identify two factors which enabled the White settlers to establish farms in the Kenya Highlands during the colonial periods.
6. Give two factors which led to the establishment of urban centers in Kenya during the colonial period.
7. State two objectives of the Kikuyu/ central association (KCA)
8. Identify two ways in which the trade union movement contributed to the struggle for independence in Kenya.
9. State two results of the development of railway transport in the Kenya during the colonial period.
10. Name two African Nationalist parties whose leaders attended the Lancaster House conference in London.
11. Give two reasons why the District focus for rural Development was established in Kenya.
12. Name two parastatals organizations in Kenya than fall under the ministry of transport and communication,
13. What is the main function of opposition parties in Kenya?
To provide a system of checks and balances to the government of the day in order to guard against excess / to act a check on the actions of the government.
Any 1 point, 1 marks each (1 mk)
14. Identify two types of direct taxes through which the Kenya government raises this revenue.
15. Which provision in Kenya constitution protects the wealth of individuals in the country.
1. (A) what factors which made the cushites to migrate into Kenya during the
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