Imagine that you have completed secondary education. You have come across an advertisement in one of the daily newspaper that required clerical officers. The email address of the Company is firstname.lastname@example.org. You are interested in the job. Write one page curriculum vitae (C.V) using the e-mail address of the company
You are the Secretary of your School’s Drama club. Your club is holding its second meeting of the year to discuss the following issues:-
Imagine you are the managing directors of Alroki industries Eldoret. You manufacture padlocks and of late, there has been a lot of bad press concerning your products. Write an internal memorandum to your operations manager and sales and marketing manager. Advise them on what should be done to counter the bad press and also recapture and retain your market share.
You have finished reading the play An Enemy of the people by Henric Ibsen and you
would like to recommend it to your classmates. In about 350 words, write the book review
You are the principal of Baraka Teachers Training College and one of your graduates Mr.
Christopher Lipwoni has applied for employment as a teacher at Lirhanda boarding primary school. The head teacher of that primary school has send you an email requesting you to avail more information about Mr. Christopher Lipwoni to enable the school decide whether to employ him or not. In the space provided below, write a sample report that you intend to email to the head teacher. Remember to copy the report to the DEO Kakamega East District
Imagine that you have been put in charge of a farewell party for your classmates. Write a recipe for the meal you would prepare for the occasion.
Imagine that you are the library captain in your school. Write a memo to the class prefects asking them to ensure that students observe the library rules, especially regarding silence, prompt return of books, appropriate dressing and observing opening and closing time.
You are invited to give a speech on the role of the youth in fostering peace in your country by a friend overseas. You are unable to travel due to unforeseen circumstances. E-mail your speech to your friend to present it on your behalf.
You are revising with your friend over the April holiday. On reaching school in May, you realize that one of your books, Top Mark English is missing. Write a fax to your friend in a neighbouring school requesting for the book he had borrowed from you
You have just read a novel entitled The Modern Girl by a famous writer. You want to
recommend it to a friend who has asked you to briefly tell him why you found the text interesting. Write with appropriate sub headings, a review of the text convincing your friend to read it.
Imagine you live in Mumias, an average town in Western Kenya. The National Music
Festivals are set to be held in this town for five days. Your friend who lives in Webuye town intends to come over.Give them clear directions to Nabongo cultural centre in Mumias town. Make your instructions as precise (one page) and clear as possible – you could use landmarks, well known means of transport, show distance in kilometers e.t.c.
Imagine you are the school captain, and the CDF committee wishes to set up a project
in your school. The principal has asked you to organize with the prefects to collect students views on the most appropriate project. Write an internal memo to the concerned prefects. (20 mks)
Imagine that you have done K.C.S.E exams, qualified and done some training in a professional course. You have seen an advertisement in “Sunday mirage” Newspaper of a position you qualify for. You then decide to apply for it. Write your Own curriculum vitae (C.V)
Write a letter to the clerk of your local council complaining about the loud music in the bars where you live. Indicate how residents spend sleepless nights due to the loud music, and what you think should be done
You have been selected to deliver a speech on Parent’s day on behalf of other students. Apart from teachers, parents and students, there are several guests present as well as members of Board of Governors. You are expected to highlight the challenges facing students population in the school. Write the speech you would deliver. (20 mks)
An Italian friend who had come to visit you left for his country a few weeks ago. He writes to inform you of his safe arrival and requests you for a recipe that would help him prepare ugali for his two friends. Write him through this address; Mckay@yahoo.com
The lions football team has won the just completed world cup competition. You are the coach. Write a memo congratulating them and informing them on when/how to collect their tokens. Remember to have copies to the minister of sports. (20 mks)
You are a candidate at Happy Secondary school in Burabi district. Since there will be no tuition in your school during the April holidays ,you decide with the permission of your parents to do your studies at the TRC in your district head quarters. Write a letter through your principal requesting the District Education officer at Burabi to allow you to do so.
Imagine you are the secretary of the youth group in your community. You are required to take minutes of the proceedings of the meeting. The following information should be included in the minutes.
Imagine you are a resident of Makutano junction market centre and of late you have noted, with a lot of concern, an increased number of stray dogs and cats in the market. Write a letter to the editor of a local daily newspaper on the problem, calling upon the authorities concerned to come to your rescue and eradicate the menace once and for all. (20mks)
Imagine that you have just collected your form four national examinations results. You have passed extremely well in English. Write a thank you letter to your English teacher.
Imagine you are the teacher in charge of examinations in your school. Write an internal
Memorandum to teachers informing them about the date of submission of the raw exams for typing, the date of starting the exam, the quality expected of the exam to be set, serious and thorough invigilation, how to deal with exam malpractices by candidates, marking and preparing report forms. A copy of the internal memo should be sent to the District examination co-ordinator; Khwisero.
You are the secretary to the environmental club in your school. Your school has been experiencing frequent water shortage and huge water bills. Your club was asked to investigate how water is used and recommend ways of conserving it to solve this problem. You completed your investigations. Write the report to the principal showing the causes and your recommendations as to the solutions to this problem.
Imagine that it is your first day in a new school. Write an entry in your journal indicating the things that surprised you, those that scared you and those that made your happy.
You have completed your form four examination. You have read the following advert for a job in The Standard Newspaper, write a letter of application accompanied with a C.V that can help you land an interview for the job.
You have been invited by your best friend, who attained an aggregate mean grade of A, to a party to celebrate his/her good performance in last year’s KCSE. Your friend has also asked you to assist in preparing a one course meal for ten guests.
Last year, you read a thrilling novel. You surely wish that your friend would read it. Write a synopsis that you wish to send to your friend so that he/she may be persuaded to read it.
Imagine that you have made a trip with your friends to Mombasa for a holiday.Write three personal journal entries; one describing your journey and settlement, and another for an exciting day and the last one for a depressing day.
We can have positive or negative attitude towards something. When we like something we use pleasant language to describe it but when we dislike something we use unpleasant words to describe it. In the poem ‘ A baby is a European’ (14) the poet expresses his attitude about Europeans. He looks down on Europeans yet he does not dislike them. He accepts them but as children. This we see from the words used in the poem. We can define attitude into two:
Is the expression of the writers meaning by the use of language,
which says the direct opposite of his thought. In the book ‘Song of Lawino’ when Lawino calls Clementine Beautiful, she in fact means that she thinks Clementine is very ugly. Beautiful is therefore used ironically.
Is a bitter or wounding remark, which is often ironically worded. Sarcasm just refers to the tone of voice in which a remark has been made e.g when Lawino calls Clementine beautiful she is being sarcastic because she is bitter and contemptuous. In the poem ‘Building the Nation” (9) the whole tone of the poem is satirical. The title is ironic.
Mood and tone:
Mood is the condition someone is in and mood is usually expressed by the tone of voice one uses. If you want to see somebody in authority eg. Headmaster for a favour, you will not go to him when he is in a bad mood but you will wait until the day when he is in a good mood. But in poetry we don’t talk of bad and good mood. Instead we use words like happy, bitter, angry, violent, quiet, resigned, sad, pleasant, resentful, humorous etc.
In the poem, “The woman I married”(19) the mood is humorous and resi- gned. This can be established by the words used in the poem. He does not call her his wife but instead he calls her ‘the Woman I married’. He does not say she is a typist but says she bangs the typewriter, and now she bangs the crockery so that the house sounds like a factory. In this poem we see that he is not planning to send her away or discipline her in any way but he has just given up (resigned).
The poem, “Grass will grow; (20) is sad, even desperate. Tone is the voice used in a poem. It refer to the words in the poem.
(x) Stanza. Is a paragraph of lines in a poem.
I ask for tears
Do not send me moon hard madness
To lodge snug in my skull
I would you sent me hordes of horses
But do not break
The York of the moon on me.
Poem no.21. The Philosophers
‘Those who speak know nothing;
Those who know are silent’.
These words, as I am told,
Were spoken by Lao-Tzu.
If we were to believe that Lao-Tsu
Was himself one who knew,
How comes is that he wrote a book
Of five thousand words
What is poetry?
It is not easy to say what exactly poetry is. But poetry explores the possibility of language more vividly than prose. In poetry language is used in a powerful ways.
ODAMO: But then sir, what is poetry?
TEACHER: Why sir, it is much easier to say what it is not. We all know what light is, but it is not easy to tell what it is.
Poetry expresses language more powerfully than prose. Poetry can be compared to a palace if prose is a house. So just as a palace is more than a house, but it must be a house at least so also poetry is more than prose but it must still be language at least.
TECHNICAL DEVICES IN POETRY.
This includes: Rhythm, Rhyme, Alliteration, Assonance, Onomatopoeia, Deeper meaning and Symbolism; Imagery – metaphor – simile, Attitude – Satire, irony,
STUDYING ORAL LITERATURE.
How we can be exposed to Oral Literature.
Oral stories are told to us from a very early age. When we are old enough we start telling those stories ourselves. We attend various ceremonies where we listen to songs and experience various dances and other utterances and performances.
At funerals stories would be told to adults about spirits and the underworld.
In everyday conversation the elders use proverbs and imaginative language which qualify as Oral Literature.
Some samples of Oral Literature have been written in books which we can buy and read.
The mass media also present some programmes that are Oral Literature oriented. But sometimes we are hampered from being exposed to Oral Literature.
The occasions of performance are irregular and unsystematic. Also some people move to urban areas and grow up in a sort of vacuum as far as the African background is concerned. So they remain culturally rootless and in most cases ‘ape’ foreign cultures. So, to rediscover ourselves, we should study Oral Literature. For us to understand ourselves in the present time we should discover our roots.
Taban Lo Liyong’ says,’ just as we don’t want the Africa of our fore fathers forgotten, we also want the Africa of our grand children realized as well as living meaningfully in our times. He says that, ‘we are like a strange beast with three heads – one looks perpetually behind, one looks steadily under our feet and the other is poised to heavens dreamily.
In order to reach our rural people – who are the majority – and serve them effectively, we should have an understanding of oral literature which they still use to this day.
The study of oral literature is necessary as it is likely to expose us to some of the best creative productions of the human mind.
How to Study Oral Literature.
For a successfully study of anything one must have a direct access to it. So we should have direct contact with Oral Literature, ready to watch and listen to performances of oral literature.
Oral Literature cannot be seen as arts for arts sake. Whether narratives, song, proverbs or riddles, it relates to the culture of the people who create it; their beliefs, customs and accepted norms; their likes and dislikes.
A study of Oral Literature amounts to studying the society which creates it. This would involve field research.
Children were brought up according to the norms of their society through narratives, songs, proverbs and riddles.
Very young children (corresponding to our nursery kids today) were told.
There is a pot by the altar
That they begun to mould;
They finished the base
But the neck remains undone…
For they ran out of mud.
Who can find mud
Maybe if it were gold
Poem No. 19. The Woman I married
The woman I married
Is an out-right bone-shaker.
For a full decade
She had banged a typewriter
And now in substitution
Bangs the crockery
Until my house sounds like a factory.
The noise keeps her sane.
Poem No. 20. Grass Will Grow
If you should take my child Lord
Give my hands strength to dig his grave
Cover him with Earth
Lord send a little rain
For grass will grow.
If my house should burn down
So that the ashes sting the nostrils
Making the eyes weep
Then Lord send a little rain
For Grass will grow.
But Lord do not send me
Using the Past Continuous tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
I __________ a salad. (to make)
I was making a salad.
They ___________ to find some boots. (to try)
They were trying to find some boots.
Using the Simple Past tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verb to be. For example:
I ___ calm.
I was calm.
You ____ right.
You were right.
Using the Present Perfect tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
We ____________ the contest. (to enter)
We have entered the contest.
He ____________ the work. (to finish)
He has finished the work.
Using the Present Continuous tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
He _________ hard. (to work)
He is working hard.
We ____________ anxious. (to feel)
We are feeling anxious.
Using the Simple Present tense, fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs shown in brackets. For example:
I ______ to the radio. (to listen)
I listen to the radio.
He _______ to the radio. (to listen)
He listens to the radio.
THE SIMPLE PRESENT OF THE VERB TO BE
Change the following pairs of words into sentences, using the correct forms of the Simple Present of the verb to be. For example:
I am cautious.
They are friendly.
Definition of a tense and a verb
A tense is a category that expresses time reference with reference to the moment of speaking.
A verb is a word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence, and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence or it can be said to be a doing word, such as eat, dig, walk e.t.c.
Present Continuous Tense:
MAURICE A NYAMOTI
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