THE GALILEAN MINISTRY (C.R.E FORM 2 NOTES)
Luke 3:1-20 New Revised Standard Version (NRSV)
The Proclamation of John the Baptist
3 In the fifteenth year of the reign of Emperor Tiberius, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod was ruler of Galilee, and his brother Philip ruler of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias ruler of Abilene, 2 during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness. 3 He went into all the region around the Jordan, proclaiming a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins, 4 as it is written in the book of the words of the prophet Isaiah,
“The voice of one crying out in the wilderness:
‘Prepare the way of the Lord,
make his paths straight.
5 Every valley shall be filled,
and every mountain and hill shall be made low,
and the crooked shall be made straight,
and the rough ways made smooth;
6 and all flesh shall see the salvation of God.’”
7 John said to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, “You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 8 Bear fruits worthy of repentance. Do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our ancestor’; for I tell you, God is able from these stones to raise up children to Abraham. 9 Even now the ax is lying at the root of the trees; every tree therefore that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.”
10 And the crowds asked him, “What then should we do?” 11 In reply he said to them, “Whoever has two coats must share with anyone who has none; and whoever has food must do likewise.” 12 Even tax collectors came to be baptized, and they asked him, “Teacher, what should we do?” 13 He said to them, “Collect no more than the amount prescribed for you.” 14 Soldiers also asked him, “And we, what should we do?” He said to them, “Do not extort money from anyone by threats or false accusation, and be satisfied with your wages.”
15 As the people were filled with expectation, and all were questioning in their hearts concerning John, whether he might be the Messiah, 16 John answered all of them by saying, “I baptize you with water; but one who is more powerful than I is coming; I am not worthy to untie the thong of his sandals. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 17 His winnowing fork is in his hand, to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his granary; but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.”
18 So, with many other exhortations, he proclaimed the good news to the people. 19 But Herod the ruler, who had been rebuked by him because of Herodias, his brother’s wife, and because of all the evil things that Herod had done, 20 added to them all by shutting up John in prison.
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a) The preaching of John the Baptist
The annunciation is divided into two, i.e.
(i) Annunciation of the birth of John the Baptist.
(ii) Annunciation of the birth of Jesus Christ.
Birth of John the Baptist is announced.
i. Christians should not doubt God’s message.
ii. Should be persistent, faithful and patient in prayer
iii. Couples should be devoted to God.
iv. Christians should call people to repentance as the mission of John the Baptist would be.
Lessons Christians learn from the lives of Zechariah and Elizabeth
(i) In both, Angel Gabriel announced their births
(ii) In both, the unborn were males
(iii) In both, the conception was through divine intervention.
(iv) In both, there was some element of doubt.
(v) Zechariah and Mary were Holy and God fearing.
(vi) Zechariah and Mary were both troubled and afraid.
(vii) In both, the children were first borns.
(viii) In both, the names of the children were given by the Angel before birth.
(ix) In both, the mission of the children was given by the angel.
Differences between the annunciations of the birth of John the Baptist and Jesus Christ
MARY VISITS ELIZABETH
The following is what took place when Mary visited Elizabeth;
MARY’S SONG: THE MAGNIFICAT
Luke 1:46 – 55
ii. From then on, all generations would call her blessed.
iii. God had done mighty things for her.
iv. God’s name is holy.
v. His mercy extends to those who fear him.
vi. He has performed mighty deeds with his arm
vii. He has scattered the proud.
viii. He has brought down the mighty from their thrones.
ix. He has exalted the humble.
x. He has filled the hungry with good things.
xi. He has sent the rich away empty.
xii. He has helped his servant Israel, and has been merciful to her even in the time of Abraham.
Lessons Christians learn about God from the magnificat/ Mary’s song.
i. God is almighty/powerful.
ii. God is holy.
iii. God is merciful.
iv. God humbles the proud.
v. God exalts the lowly.
vi. God feeds the hungry/provides.
vii. God is the source of all blessings.
viii. God keeps promises/faithful.
ix. God deserves praise.
THE BIRTH OF JOHN THE BAPTIST
Luke 1:57 – 80
The following activities took place when John the Baptist was born;
i. Called the prophet of the Most High.
ii. Be the herald of the Messiah.
iii. Call people to repentance in order to bring back human beings to the right relationship with God.
iv. Bring peace to men by showing them the messiah/ light of the world.
v. He would give people personal ‘knowledge’ of their desperate need for salvation.
Similarities between the Magnificat and the Benedictus
i. Both were songs of praises.
ii. Both use Old Testament phrases.
iii. Both share thematic and structural features.
iv. Both were recited by people whom Angel Gabriel had been sent to.
v. Both songs result from the news about the birth of baby boys.
vi. Both are poetic.
vii. Both songs talk about the fulfillment of the Old Testament prophesies.
Ways in which Christians should respond to childlessness in Kenya today
THE BIRTH OF JESUS
Luke 2:1 – 20
i. Angel Gabriel appeared to Mary during the annunciation of the birth of Jesus Christ.
ii. Angel Gabriel appeared to Zechariah when he was burning incense in the temple to announce John the Baptist’s birth.
iii. Angel of the lord appeared to the shepherds bringing them the news about Jesus Christ.
iv. A multitude of angels appeared singing praises to God during Jesus Christ’s birth.
ACTIVITIES THAT TOOK PLACE WHEN JESUS CHRIST WAS BORN
Luke 2:6 – 20
i. Mary the mother of Jesus wrapped Him in swaddling clothes.
ii. She laid Him in a manger.
iii. The angel of the Lord appeared to the shepherds.
iv. A multitude of angels appeared singing praises to God.
v. The shepherds hurried to see the baby.
vi. The shepherds spread the news to many people.
vii. The shepherds sung/ praised God after they had seen the baby Jesus.
viii. The shepherds returned to their home/work.
Ways in which Christians in Kenya express their joy for the birth of Jesus.
Luke 2:21 – 40
The following activities took place during the dedication of Jesus in the Temple;
Luke 2:41 – 52
The following are the activities that took place from the incident when Jesus was left behind by His parents in the Temple when He was twelve years old;
i. Circumcised on the 8th day.
ii. Named Jesus.
iii. His mother was purified after his birth.
iv. Dedicated / presented to God in the temple.
v. Parents offered a sacrifice of a pair of turtle doves/two young pigeons.
vi. Obeyed his parents.
vii. Celebrated the Passover festival at age 12.
Qualities shown by Jesus when He accompanied His parents to the Temple at the age of twelve
Ways in which parents develop their children’s spiritual life
i. By having the children baptized/ participate in the sacramental life of the church.
ii. Leading a righteous life for the child to copy/ being good role models.
iii. Taking children to church for dedication/ thanksgving.
iv. By allowinghim/her to interact with otherse.g.Sunday school.
v. By praying to God to guide the chid.
vi. By exposing the child to church activities.
vii. By condeming the child’s evil activities/correcting them.
viii. By offering counseling services on spiritual matters.
ix. Teaching them to read the Bible.
Ways which show Jesus came from a poor background from the early life upto twelve years
i. His father was a poor carpenter.
ii. His mother was an ordinary village girl.
iii. He was born in a manger/ cattle shed/ wrapped in swaddling clothes.
iv. He was born in a small town of Judah/ Bethlehem.
v. The first people to visit him were shepherds who were lowly regarded.
vi. He was revealed to Smeon/ Anna who were simple.
vii. During his dedication the parents offered birds.
viii. He grew up in Nazareth/ a town of low status.
Reasons why children should take part in church activities
GOD MEETS US IN JESUS CHRIST - ST. LUKES GOSPEL
OLD TESTAMENT PROPHESIES ABOUT THE MESSIAH
2nd Sam 7:3 – 17
Nathan prophesied that the Messiah would;
Isaiah 7:10 – 16; 9:1 – 7; 53; 61:1 – 2
(i) The Messiah would be David’s descendant/rule on David’s throne.
(ii) He would rule forever.
(iii) He would be rejected and despised by many/ a man of sorrow/ suffering servant/ he would be treated harshly/ arrested and sentenced to death and executed in a shameful way. (Isaiah 53).
(iv) He would be born of a young woman/virgin (Isaiah 7:14).
(v) Messianic reign/rule would bring happiness/ joy to the Israelites.
(vi) He would be wounded for people’s transgressions/ would suffer for human sin. (Isaiah 53:5).
(vii) Peace/prosperity would prevail during the Messianic reign (Isaiah 9:7).
(viii) He would be called: (Isaiah 9:6, Isaiah 7:14);
(x) He would have characteristics of ‘Normal’ human being/child. (Isaiah 53:2).
(xi) His suffering would be through God’s will/ it would be initiated by God. (Isaiah 53:10).
(b) He has been anointed by God.
(c) Been sent to bring the good news to the poor.
(d) Been sent to bind up the broken hearted /bring freedom to the captives.
(e) Come to proclaim the year of favour from God.
JEREMIAH’S PROPHECY ABOUT THE MESSIAH
Jeremiah 23:5 – 6
That God would raise David’s descendant.
This king would:
(i) Rule wisely.
(ii) Advocate justice and righteousness.
(iii) Save Judah from her enemies and ensure that the Israelites lived securely.
(iv) Would be called ‘The Lord is our righteousness.
MICAH’S PROPHECY ABOUT THE MESSIAH
Micah 5:1- 5
Micah the prophet predicted that:
(i) He would be David’s descendant.
(ii) He would be born in Bethlehem; David’s city.
(iii) He would lead his people with authority and strength of God.
(iv) He would bring the Israelites peace to fulfill God’s promise to King David.
THE PSALMIST’S PROPHECY
Psalms 41:9, 110:1 – 2
Isaiah 53, 61:1-2
Isaiah presents the servant of Yahweh as follows:
(i) The servant will succeed in his work and will be highly honored.
(ii) This success and honour will surprise many who have witnessed his suffering.
(iii) The servant is despised, rejected and ignored by those who are with him.
(iv) He has nothing attractive, very odd, ordinary and simple.
(v) He is harshly treated, arrested and sentenced to death and killed.
(vi) His body will be buried with bodies of rich men.
(vii) He endures all done to him in humble silence.
(viii) He accepts the sufferings which should have been received by others for their sins. ‘He was wounded for our transgressions; he was bruised for our iniquities.
(ix) Through his suffering human beings are reconciled to God.
(x) It was God’s will that the servant would suffer.
(xi) His death is a sacrifice to bring forgiveness of sins.
THE CONCEPT OF THE MESSIAH IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
Luke 1:26 – 38, 2:1 – 23, 23:1 – 35, 24:50 – 51
‘Messiah’ is a Hebrew word meaning the ‘anointed one’.
In Greek it is Khristos.
Jewish expectations of the Messiah were as follows:
(i) He would be a ruler from David’s line who would conquer and overthrow the Roman rule.
(ii) He would be stationed in Jerusalem and other nations of the world would pay homage to him/appear in Jerusalem full of glory.
(iii) He would be a perfect ruler through whom they would receive God’s blessings, joy and peace. No more suffering and death.
(iv) He would bring judgment to all the enemies of Israel.
(v) He would be a ruler without sin and would not associate with the poor, sinners and non- Jews/gentiles.
(vi) The Messiah would strictly follow the Law of Moses/ uphold Mosaic Law.
(vii) He would conquer the enemies of Israel as a military ruler.
(viii) He would avenge Israelite enemies.
(ix) He would be born in a royal family.
(x) He would lead Israel into economic/political prosperity.
(xi) He would come after the return of Elijah.
(xii) He would perform miracles and mighty deeds.
There are several references in the New Testament which show how Jesus Christ fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies concerning the Messiah’s coming. These are;
1. Luke 1:26 – 27: Old Testament prophesies that Jesus Christ would be born in David’s lineage is confirmed when angel Gabriell was sent from God to a young woman i.e. Mary, Joseph’s fiancée. Joseph came from David’s lineage.
2. Luke 1:32: Nathan’s prophecy that God would make David’s descendant rule over Israel forever is affirmed by angel Gabriel during the annunciation. The angel said, ‘.........the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David and will reign over the house of Jacob forever.’
3. Isaiah’s prophecy of the virgin conception in Isaiah 7:14 is fulfilled in angel Gabriel’s message to Mary that she was going to conceive by the power of the Holy Spirit, Luke 1:35.
4. Isaiah’s prophecy that the Messiah would be named Immanuel in Isaiah 7:14 is fulfilled in Angel Gabriel’s message to Joseph that Mary’s son would be called Immanuel.
5. Jesus was born in Bethlehem, the small town of Judah which was also the birth place of King David (Luke 2:5). This was in fulfillment of Micah’s prophecy Micah 5:1 about a ruler of Israel whom God would raise up from the town of Bethlehem.
6. Jesus was hailed as the Messiah descended from David by the blind beggar of Jericho who shouted ‘Jesus son of David! Take pity on me.’ Luke 18:38. This was a fulfillment of Nathan’s prophecy that was echoed by Jeremiah that the Messiah would come from David’s family (2nd James 7:12 – 13, Jeremiah 23:5-6).
7. Isaiah’s prophecy of the Messiah who would bring salvation to the whole world (Isaiah 42:6, 46:13, 52:10) is echoed in Simeon’s prophecy in the temple in reference to baby Jesus (Luke 2:29 – 32)
8. When Jesus taught in the synagogue in Nazareth at the beginning of his ministry, he quoted from Isaiah 61:12 to affirm that he was the messiah that Isaiah had talked about Luke 4:18 – 19.
9. Isaiah’s prophecy about the messiah who would work miracles Isaiah 29:19, 35:56, 61:1 was fulfilled when Jesus turned water into wine at Cana in Galilee, raised the dead, cast out evil spirits and carried out a number of healing miracles. Through these miracles, Jesus was showing that the Messianic age had come.
10. Isaiah’s prophecy of a suffering servant in chapter 53 is fulfilled through the passion and death of Jesus.
How Jesus suffered humiliation as a suffering servant
(i) He bore human sins.
(ii) He delivered humanity by dying on the cross.
(iii) He submissively bore suffering and disgrace.
(iv) He was despised and rejected.
(v) He was mocked and spat on.
(vi) He was pierced and wounded in the sides.
(vii) He was crucified with thieves.
(viii) He was buried in a rich man’s tomb.
(ix) Through him God’s everlasting kingdom was established.
(x) He was innocent of sin and yet treated as a criminal.
(xi) Through Jesus’ wounds, many have been forgiven their sins as Isaiah put it ‘.........with his stripes we are healed.’ Isaiah 53:
THE ROLE OF JOHN THE BAPTIST
Isaiah 40:3-5; Malachi 3:1; 4:5-6; Luke 7:20-35.
(i) Preached in the wilderness.
(ii) He was imprisoned for challenging Herod’s behavior.
(iii) Lived on locusts and honey in the wilderness.
(iv) He led a solitary life.
(v) He was beheaded.
(vi) He was misunderstood to be the Messiah. Luke 3:15
(vii) Rebuking Herod the tetrarch because of marrying Herodias, his brother’s wife and other evils he had committed.
(viii) Had a challenge in identifying Jesus as the Messiah. Luke 7:19 – 20
(ix) Pharisees and tax collectors rejected the baptism of John / they hadn’t been baptized by John the Baptist. Luke 7:30
(x) He was was falsely accused of /considered being demon possessed. Luke 7:33.
THE JOURNEY TO JERUSALEMIntroduction
Luke 9:51 – 62)
On His way to Jerusalem Jesus outlined the following duties to be fulfilled by His would be followers:
Luke 10:1 – 24
A COMMITTED FOLLOWER OF JESUS
Luke 10:25 – 11:1 – 13
Commitment means dedication and devotion to a certain responsibility.
Luke 10:25 – 37)
Luke 10:38 – 42
A committed follower should:
Luke 11:1 – 13
Jesus taught His disciples on how to pray using the Lord’s Prayer and the parable of the friend at midnight.
The Lord’s Prayer has six petitions
Addressing God as “Father” (Abba in Aramaic).
- Christians should establish an intimate relationship with God by addressing God as their father.
Honoring God’s Holy Name – Hallowed be thy name.
- Jesus honored his father by accepting His life and Ministry.
- A Christian should give God full glory, honour and praises.
Declaring the Kingdom of God – Thy Kingdom come.
- God’s kingdom is the rule of God in hearts of people. The petition asks God to establish His rule/peace in people’s hearts.
- Christians should always allow God to rule their hearts so that we are blessed with his presence all the time.
Asking God to provide our daily needs– Give us each day our daily bread.
- Jesus lived in confidence that God provides. This petition means that God can be trusted to provide for our individual needs.
- We should ask God for our daily needs in order to admit that we are dependent on Him.
Asking God to forgive our sins as we forgive others – Forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive every one who is indebted to us:
- We can trust God to forgive us for all the wrongs we commit.
- God will forgive us if we also forgiven others.
- Jesus acted as an example for Christians on forgiveness. He prayed His father to forgive those who crucified him as they did not know what they were doing.
Pleading with God not to bring temptations – And lead us not into temptation.
- The disciples must endure so that they are not overcome by temptations.
- This petition implies that God might allow people a time of trial or temptations.
- When faced with trials, God will provide us with victory over satanic temptations.
- Prayer gives us strength, courage and will to face all challenges.
Parable of a friend at midnight
Reasons why Christians pray
Luke 11:14 – 36
The Christians should not give Satan a chance to reoccupy their hearts but allow the Holy Spirit to permanently guide them.
(c) The sign of Jonah Luke: 11:29 – 32
The sign of Jonah and queen of Sheba illustrates that pagans were able to recognize God’s presence unlike the Jews who have rejected Jesus and fail to see God’s saving power in him.
If the Jews refuse to listen to Jesus who is greater than Jonah and the Queen of Sheba, God will reject them and the Gentiles will receive God’s salvation.
(d) The light of the body (Luke 11:33 – 36)
Jesus used the parable of the lamp and lamp stand to show that He is the light that God offers to His people.
To refuse the light by seeking for a sign is to prefer darkness. His message is seen as the light to shine to others.
From the above incident Christians learn that:
JESUS’ TEACHINGS ON HYPOCRISY WEALTH AND WATCHFULNESS
Luke 11:37 – 12:1-12
Luke 11:37 – 54, 12:1 – 3
Luke 12:8 - 12
JESUS’ TEACHINGS ON MATERIAL POSSESSIONS, WATCHFULNESS AND READINESS
(a) Material possessions:
Luke 12:13 – 34
In this parable Jesus explains that:
THE JERUSALEM MINISTRY
THE TRIUMPHANT ENTRY INTO JERUSALEM
Luke 19:28 – 40
Luke 19:41 – 48
(ii) Prophets practiced hypocrisy
(iii) Practicing social and racial discrimination in the court yard.
- Jesus drove away the traders symbolically by replacing the chief priest. This incident illustrates that the people weren’t ready for ‘the coming of the Messiah’.It showed Jerusalem’s lack of preparedness for the day of God’s visitation in the passion of Jesus Christ.
Lessons learnt by Christians
JESUS’ CONFLICTS WITH THE JEWISH LEADERS
Luke 20:1 – 47 – 21:1 – 4
During his Jerusalem ministry, Jesus Christ centered His teachings at the temple. He got into conflict with the Jewish religious leaders on.
Luke 20:9 – 18
Luke 20:19 – 26
Luke 20:27 – 40
(a) There is no marriage in life after death.
(b) Resurrection is an assurance that there is life after death.
(c) The resurrected life is different from the earthly life.
(d) The righteous will resurrect and live eternally.
(e) Those who would resurrect would be like angels and their bodies would be transformed into spiritual bodies.
(f) Those who will resurrect will become children of God.
Luke 20:41 – 44
Luke 20:45 – 47
(ii) Liked being greeted with respect in market places.
(iii) Seeking places of honour in the synagogue(s) and banquets/ feasts.
(iv) Making long prayers intended to make people notice them, as righteous.
(v) Taking advantage of widows and robbing them of their property.
Luke 20:1 – 4
JESUS’ TEACHING ABOUT ESCHATOLOGY
LUKE 21:5 – 38
(ii) People would come claiming to be Jesus Christ.
(iii) Wars between nations.
(iv) Natural calamities/disasters, famine, drought, plagues.
(v) Strange celestial beings would come from the sky.
(vi) Jesus Christ’s disciple would be arrested, persecuted and imprisoned.
(vii) Disciples will be betrayed to the authorities, by close relatives and friends and will even be put to death.
(viii) Disciples would be hated on Jesus Christ’s account.
(ix) There will be eclipse of the sun and moon.
(x) Strong waves disrupting the sea.
(xi) Fainting of people from shock as they observe the terrible signs.
(xii) The son of man would appear in glory after these signs to take His faithful ones.
The last supper Luke
Luke 22:1 –38
(i) The plot against Jesus Christ (Luke 22:1 – 6).
Celebration of the Last Supper
Luke 22:15 – 3
Significance of the Lords Supper to Christians today
The Holy Eucharist,
The Lord’s Table,
The Holy Mass.
Reasons why Christians take part in the Lord’s Supper
PRAYER ON THE MOUNT OF OLIVES
Luke 22:39 – 53
The following events took place on the Mount of Olives before the arrest of Jesus;
Luke 22:54 – 62
Luke 22:66 – 71
(b) He claimed to be the son of God.
(c) He equated Himself to God / blasphemy.
They asked him two questions
(a) Whether he was the Christ and Jesus replied ‘If I tell you, you will not believe and if i ask you, you will not answer.’
(b) Whether he was the son of God and he answered them, ‘You say I am.’
(b) Jesus opposed payment of taxes to Caesar.
(c) Jesus had claimed to be king (treason).
Luke 23:26 – 43
THE DEATH OF JESUS CHRIST
Luke 23:44 – 49
(b) The temple’s curtain tore into two implying:
(i) All people would now approach God directly through Jesus.
(ii) A new universal religion for everyone was established bringing an end to Judaism.
(iii) The Old Testament sacrificial system is no longer necessary.
Reactions of the people to the death of Jesus
(i) The multitudes returned home beating their breasts as a sign of grief vs.48
(ii) The centurion (A Roman Army Officer) accepted that Jesus was a righteous man vs.47
(iii) The women watched from a distance vs.49
THE BURIAL OF JESUS
Luke 23:50 – 56
Witnesses to the resurrected/ risen Christ
(i) Testimony of the holy women i.e. Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James and others. (Luke 1:1-12)
This is clear evidence that Jesus truly resurrected.
(v) Jesus showed the disciples His hands and feet and told them to handle Him for He was not a spirit.
(vi) Jesus was given a piece of broiled fish and He took it and ate it before the disciples.
THE KINGDOM OF GOD
The growth of the Kingdom of God
Luke 13:1 – 35
Jesus illustrated his teachings about the Kingdom of God through parables, miracles or public teachings.
(a) In His preaching Jesus stated that repentance of sin was a requirement to the entry into the Kingdom. (13:1 – 5)
(b) In the parable of the unfruitful fig tree. (13:6 – 9)
The following are the teachings of Jesus on the growth of God’s kingdom based on the parables of the Mustard seed and the Yeast;
13:31 – 35
A GREAT FEAST FOR ALL WHO ARE PREPARED
(a) Jesus Heals a sick man. (Luke 14:1 – 6)
- While Jesus was in the house of the leading Pharisee, he noticed that some guests were choosing the best places at the table.
- He taught them that when invited to a wedding feast, they should not take seats of honour. They could be embarrassed when honoured guests arrive and take up their places.
- He taught that one should take the lowest place.
- The hose many notice you and elevate you to the seats of honour.
- Jesus remarked that “for everyone who makes himself great will be humbled, and everyone who humbles himself will be made great”. (vs.11)
- Jesus taught that one should not only invite ones relatives, friends, neighbouts or the rich for they are likely to invite them back.
- He advised them to invite the underprivileged such as the poor, crippled, the lame, the blind for one would be more blessed than if he invited his friends and relatives.
The teachings that Jesus made to the guests at the Pharisees house
Luke 14:15 – 24
Luke 14:25 – 35
To follow Christ entails repentance and forgiveness of sins and also greater sacrifice such as:
RETRIEVING THE LOST
Luke 15:1 – 32
Jesus used the three parables of the lost to challenge the Pharisees who accused Him of mixing with sinners and outcasts.
(a) The parable of the Lost Sheep (Luke 15:4 – 7)
A shepherd lost one sheep and was left with 99. He abandoned the 99 and went searching for the lost one. On finding it, he was happy and organized for a celebration with friends. Jesus stated that God rejoices over repentance of one sinner than many righteous ones who do not need repentance.
God does not want any of his children to get lost.
(b) The parable of the Lost Coin. (Luke 15:8 – 10)
JESUS TEACHING ON WEALTH AND POVERTY
Jesus used two parables to teach about wealth:
1. The parable of the shrewd manager
2. The parable of the rich man and lazy vs.19 – 31
Jesus brings out the following teachings on wealth and poverty.
THE TEACHINGS OF JESUS ON THE POWER OF FAITH
Luke 17:1 – 37
Luke 18:1 – 14
(a) Parable of the widow and the unjust judge (18:1 – 8)
(ii) God will answer when we persistently pray.
(iii) Prayer should be offered in faith.
(i) Prayer should be said in humility
(ii) Prayer should be addressed to God.
(iii) Should be brief and precise
(iv) Should be said with sincerity.
Lessons Christians learn from the parables
THE WAY TO SALVATION
Luke 18:15 – 19:1 – 27
Salvation: The process of being delivered from sin.
Jesus Christ was the following parables and incidences to teach about salvation:
(i) When he met little kids (18:15 – 17)
The conversion of Zachaeus
19:1 – 10
Luke 1 9:11 – 27
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